The king holds the wedding of Prince Siddhattha and Princess Bimbayasodhara
As already stated, the Buddha's relatives were of two sides, the mother's and the father's side, and each of those sides was from a different city. The Rohini River flowed between their two lands. The mother's side of the family was known as the Koliya clan [vamsa] and ruled the city of Devadaha, while the father's side was known as the Sakya clan and ruled the city of Kapilavatthu.
The two cities were closely linked and were like brothers and sisters of the same family. They had intermarried often. In the Buddha's time, the ruler of Devadaha was King Suppabuddha, while the ruler of Kapilavatthu was King Suddhodana.
The wife of King Suppabuddha was Queen Amita, and she was the younger sister of King Suddhodana. On the other hand, the wife of King Suddhodana, the Buddha's mother, was Queen Mahamaya, and she was the younger sister of King Suppabuddha. The two kings had each married each other's younger sisters. King Suppabuddha had one son and one daughter to Queen Amita. The son was Prince Devadatta, the daughter was Princess Bimbayasodhara.
The Pathamasambodhi states that Princess Bimbayasodhara was one of seven people who are known as "sahajata" of the Buddha. Sahajata means "that which is born on the same day." The seven sahajata are:
1. Princess Bimbayasodhara.
2. Venerable Ananda.
3. The Advisor Kaludayi.
4. Channa, the royal page.
5. The horse, Kanthaka.
6. The bodhi tree.
7. The four golden treasures (the shell treasure, the cardamom treasure, the blue lotus treasure, and the white lotus treasure).
The relatives of both sides were agreed that Princess Bimbayasodhara was replete with the all the necessary qualities and was the right choice as wife for Prince Siddhattha. The royal marriage ceremony thus took place when bride and groom were both sixteen years old.
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