governmental structure has undergone gradual and practical
evolution in response to the changing environment. (1257-1378A.D.) adopted the
paternalistic system of government. The King, while enjoying
absolute sovereign power, would, like a father, look after his
subjects and personally paid close attention to their well-being.
inherited extensive Khmer traditions and
customs, including their system of government with the kings as
demigods. A major indigenous development in the governing system
during the reign of King Barommatrailokanat (1448-1488) left
behind a clear division between the civil and military
administration and a strong centralized government.
succeedingestablished in 1767 in Bangkok also adopted the
Ayutthaya system and government structure. Thus, for over three
centuries, the basic pattern of the administration of the
country was by and large carried out without drastic changes in
term of reorganization.
face of the threatening advance of colonialism,(1868-1910)
carried out major reorganization of the central, regional and
local administrations. which formed the basis of the present
system. His administrative reform and rapid drive for the
country's modernization proved successful both in maintaining
the country's independence throughout the turbulent years of the
western colonial threat and in providing a foundation for the
modern system of government.