officially known in Thai as "Krung Thep Maha Nakhon Amorn
Rattanakosin," was established by founder of the , who decided to move the capital city from the west
bank of to the
east bank of the Chao Phraya river, as the City of Thonburi
proved to be too vulnerable to attack. Since the founding of
Krung Thep or Bangkok in 1782, the Chakri dynasty has produced
nine kings reigning for 200 years.